Do You Need Penetration Testing?
Penetration Testing vs. Vulnerability Scanning
- Encryption problems — a single unsecured database left 425GB of data exposed in 2019
- Weak passwords — 65% of users use the same password for multiple accounts
- Outdated or unpatched operating systems
- Risky user behaviors — insider threats have increased by 47% since 2018
- Application flaws
- Improper network configurations — a poorly configured network exposed 8TB of user data on a French news outlet
Implementing a Pen Testing Strategy
Stages of Pen Testing
- Planning: Identifying tools to be used and gathering intelligence on systems to be tested
- Scanning: Examining system code in both static and dynamic states
- Simulated Attacks: Staging system attacks to see where vulnerabilities exist and can be exploited
- Maintaining Access: Seeing if vulnerabilities permit persistent access — long enough for damage to occur
- Analysis: Detailing vulnerabilities discovered, data accessed, and duration of the breach
Types of Penetration Testing
- Internal: Internal vulnerabilities can come from disgruntled staff or compromised credentials
- External: External vulnerabilities can appear in websites, applications, email, and DNS
- White Box: Hacker has some information about security measures beforehand
- Black Box: Hacker has no information about security measures beforehand
- Covert: Organization officials are unaware that testing is being conducted
Need Help with Pen Testing?
Many organizations can handle limited penetration testing with their internal IT teams, but relatively few have the capability to do regular in-depth testing of current vulnerabilities. Adding an information security officer to your team or working with expert cybersecurity partners can help fill gaps in your planning and testing. If you have questions about pen testing or need help implementing a penetration testing program, contact the experts at AISN today.