But new technologies bring new vulnerabilities. Regular penetration testing can help ensure your systems are strengthened against threats, and your data is secure.
Online criminals employ various techniques to gain unauthorized access to your network. Many utilize intelligent and complex automated tools that can seek out and exploit security vulnerabilities with a machine’s speed and patience. Your system and data need to be secured against these intrusions.
Do You Need Penetration Testing?
Penetration Testing vs. Vulnerability Scanning
The critical difference between penetration testing and simple vulnerability scanning is the determination of exploitability. Identifying vulnerabilities is essential, but knowing if they can be used against you can help determine how much money and time you should dedicate to remediating the issue.
- Encryption problems — a single unsecured database left 425GB of data exposed in 2019
- Weak passwords — 65% of users use the same password for multiple accounts
- Outdated or unpatched operating systems
- Risky user behaviors — insider threats have increased by 47% since 2018
- Application flaws
- Improper network configurations — a poorly configured network exposed 8TB of user data on a French news outlet
Cybercrime has spiked dramatically during the coronavirus pandemic. United Nations security officials have reported a 600% increase in malicious email attacks since the outbreak began. If you haven’t made pen testing a regular part of your risk assessment strategy, there’s no time like the present — especially if any or all of your staff are working remotely.
Did You Know? It’s crucial to test security from both inside and outside your network. Different vulnerabilities will exist outside your firewalls than inside, so include both in your penetration testing plans.
Implementing a Pen Testing Strategy
So, how do you implement a penetration testing strategy? The first thing is to schedule regular pen tests. Penetration testing is not a “one-and-done” solution. A secure system today doesn’t guarantee impermeability against new threats next week, month, or year.
Stages of Pen Testing
- Planning: Identifying tools to be used and gathering intelligence on systems to be tested
- Scanning: Examining system code in both static and dynamic states
- Simulated Attacks: Staging system attacks to see where vulnerabilities exist and can be exploited
- Maintaining Access: Seeing if vulnerabilities permit persistent access — long enough for damage to occur
- Analysis: Detailing vulnerabilities discovered, data accessed, and duration of the breach
Types of Penetration Testing
- Internal: Internal vulnerabilities can come from disgruntled staff or compromised credentials.
- External: External vulnerabilities can appear in websites, applications, email, and DNS
- White Box: The Hacker has some information about security measures beforehand
- Black Box: The Hacker has no information about security measures beforehand
- Covert: Organization officials are unaware that testing is being conducted
Need Help with Pen Testing?
Many organizations can handle limited penetration testing with their internal IT teams, but relatively few can regularly test current vulnerabilities. Adding an information security officer to your team or working with expert cybersecurity partners can help fill your planning and testing gaps. If you have questions about pen testing or need help implementing a penetration testing program, contact the experts at AISN today.